In civil or criminal proceedings, a party`s argument that the other party has failed to substantiate a case that must be answered (prima facie). If successful, such an argument will result in the dismissal of the action. The term is also used in academic philosophy. Among its most notable applications is the theory of ethics, first proposed by W. D. Ross in his book The Right and the Good, often referred to as prima facie ethics of duties, as well as in epistemology, as used, for example, by Robert Audi. It is usually used as part of an obligation. “I have a prima facie obligation to keep my promise and meet my friend” means that I am obliged, but this may lead to a more urgent duty. A more modern usage favours the obligation of title pro-tanto: one obligation which can then be abolished by another, more urgent one; It exists only pro tempore. It can also be used as an adverb meaning “at the first occurrence but subject to other evidence or information”. An example of this would be the use of the term “valid prima facie”. The term prima facie is used in modern legal English (including civil law and criminal law) to indicate that on first examination, there appears to be sufficient corroborating evidence to support a case. In common law systems, a reference to a prima facie case is evidence that, if not refuted, would be sufficient to prove a particular statement or fact.
 The term is used similarly in academic philosophy.  Most court proceedings in most jurisdictions require a prima facie case, after which proceedings may be initiated to review and render judgment.  Various offences usually involve prima facie cases. A plaintiff would normally have to prove that a defendant has satisfied all the elements of a prima facie case in order to prove that the defendant committed the offence. For example, the crime of trespassing has prima facie evidence with 3 components: The legal basis on which one person or party brings an action against another. The cause of action may be determined by statute or common law. A legal term for a person under the age of 18, used in family law and civil matters, among other things. The term prima facie is sometimes misspelled prima facia in the erroneous belief that facia is the actual Latin word; However, faciē is actually the ablative of faciēs, a Latin name of the fifth declension. For example, in criminal proceedings, the prosecution has a duty to provide prima facie case of each element of the offence with which the accused is charged.
In a murder case, this would include evidence that the victim was indeed dead, that the accused`s act caused death, and that the defendant acted with malicious intent. If no party presents new evidence, the case is upheld or dismissed only on prima facie evidence or lack of prima facie evidence. The act of claiming land or property from a resident or tenant through legal proceedings. For more information on prima facie information, please visit Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 554 (2007); Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A., 534 U.S. 506 (2002); Hernandez v. New York, 500 US 352 (1991). See also this article from the Louisiana Law Review. A person who has been summoned or called, or a person who has been the subject of legal proceedings in a civil dispute The difference between the two is that prima facie is a term that means that there is enough evidence to answer a case, while res ipsa loquitur means that the facts are so obvious, that a party no longer has to declare.
For example: “There is prima facie evidence that the defendant is liable. They controlled the pump. The pump was left on and flooded the applicant`s home. The plaintiff was absent and had left the house in the care of the defendant. Res ipsa loquitur. The ability to understand and legally consent to an act or agreement. A non-profit community organization with its own legal personality and a structure regulated by law. In the theory of political debate, prima facie is used to describe the mandates or elements of a positive case or, in rare cases, a negative counter-plan. If the negative team invokes prima facie the fact, it invokes the fact that the affirmative team cannot add or modify anything in its plan after it has been made in the first positive constructive statement. Prima facie (/ˌpraɪmə ˈfeɪʃi, -ʃə, -ʃiiː/; from Latin prīmā faciē) is a Latin expression based on first sight or first impression.
 The literal translation would be “at first sight” or “at first appearance”, from the feminine forms of primus (“first”) and facies (“face”), both in the ablative case.